Common Causes of Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is the overdevelopment of breast tissue in a man. It is a relatively common condition, affecting up to half of all men at some point in their lives, most commonly during adolescence and older age. This condition does not typically cause serious health concerns and may go away over time. However, gynecomastia may make some men uncomfortable or become a source of embarrassment. In these cases, reduction surgery may be helpful.

But what causes this condition? And can it be prevented? Learn more about the common causes of gynecomastia and if you may be a good candidate for male breast reduction. Call the doctors at Galardi | Bowen Plastic Surgery to explore your options.

What Causes Gynecomastia?

The most common cause of gynecomastia is an imbalance between testosterone and estrogen hormones in your system. Estrogen hormones cause breast tissue to grow. While it’s normal for men to have some estrogen hormones, there is usually enough testosterone in the male system to prevent the effects of estrogen. Hormone imbalances are why this condition commonly affects adolescent males and older men.

When males go through puberty, their hormone levels can fluctuate, which may cause a drop in their testosterone levels or a rise in their estrogen levels. This usually balances out as puberty progresses. Men produce less testosterone as they age, which may allow the effects of estrogen to cause gynecomastia. This imbalance also commonly happens in men who are carrying excess weight. Excess weight can result in fat storage in the chest, causing enlargement of the breasts. Obesity can also cause an increase in estrogen levels, leading to breast tissue development.

Hormone imbalances and obesity are not the only cause of gynecomastia. Some prescription medicines can contribute to the situation. Certain illegal drugs or excessive alcohol use may also contribute to the condition. It can also result from conditions like kidney failure, infections in the testicles, or certain genetic conditions.

Can You Prevent Gynecomastia?

It can be challenging to prevent gynecomastia, as some hormonal imbalances contributing to the condition will happen naturally throughout your lifetime. However, you can reduce your risk of developing the condition by:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Avoiding excessive alcohol intake
  • Exercising regularly

If you notice breast tissue development, speak to your doctor. They can help you determine the underlying cause of the condition and help you prevent further growth.

Treatment Options for Gynecomastia

In some cases, gynecomastia will go away on its own. This is especially common in adolescent males, where the hormone imbalances should level out over time.

However, if the issue doesn’t go away on its own and changes to your medication, diet, and lifestyle do not help, male breast reduction surgery may be the best option. During a gynecomastia procedure, a plastic surgeon removes some of the chest’s fatty tissue through liposuction. Often, this is all that is needed to achieve your aesthetic goals. In some cases, a surgeon may also need to remove some of the glandular tissue in the chest.

Speak With Our Team about the Common Causes of Gynecomastia

Galardi | Bowen Plastic Surgery Center is here for your gynecomastia treatment needs. We can help you understand the common causes of gynecomastia and develop a plan to help you achieve the look you want. Our board-certified plastic surgeons offer free gynecomastia consultations so you can learn more about your options and the possible results of the procedure. You don’t have to endure the embarrassment of overdeveloped breast tissue. Call to make an appointment with our team today.